What is the active ingredient in lightening skin? (2023)

Table of Contents

Which chemical is best for skin whitening?

Hydroquinone and its derivatives: Hydroquinone (2-5%) Mequinol (2%) (4-hydroxyanisol, monobenzyl ether of hydroquinone) N-acetyl-4-S-cysteaminylphenol.

What ingredients lighten dark skin?

These ingredients can fade existing dark spots.
Use a product that can even out your skin tone
  • Azelaic acid.
  • Glycolic acid.
  • Kojic acid.
  • Retinoid (retinol, tretinoin, adapalene gel, or tazarotene)
  • Vitamin C.
Mar 3, 2022

Does hydroquinone permanently lighten skin?

Does hydroquinone lighten skin permanently? No, the results of any skin lightening that hydroquinone brings about are not permanent. The effects can be seen within a couple of months or a few years at the maximum.

Can kojic acid permanently lighten skin?

Kojic acid is not cytotoxic (that is not harmful to living cells) and therefore cannot permanently lighten your skin tone.

What is stronger than hydroquinone?

Mequinol is the main alternative prescription alternative to hydroquinone. It's also known as methoxyphenol, hydroquinone monomethyl ether, and p-hydroxyanisole.

What is the number one ingredient for hyperpigmentation?

Retinol is one of the best ingredients to treat hyperpigmentation due to its ability to speed up cell turnover. Azelaic acid is another ingredient that brightens the skin, but is gentler, making it great for those with sensitive skin.

What acid removes hyperpigmentation?

Kojic acid

It reduces hyperpigmentation by inhibiting the production of free tyrosinase and is also a potent antioxidant. [15] Kojic acid (KA) is used at concentrations ranging from 1% to 4%.

How can I lighten my Caucasian skin?

There is no safe or reliable way to lighten someone's skin tone. Products or DIY recipes that claim to do so carry numerous risks. Even legal and over-the-counter options, such as hydroquinone creams, can sometimes lead to permanent discoloration.

What are the dangers of hydroquinone?

► Exposure can cause headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, dizziness, and muscle twitching. ► Hydroquinone may cause a skin allergy. ► Long term exposure may affect the liver and kidneys.

How harmful is hydroquinone to the skin?

FDA has received reports of serious side effects including skin rashes, facial swelling, and ochronosis (discoloration of skin) from the use of skin lightening products containing hydroquinone.

Who should not use hydroquinone?

Do not use hydroquinone topical on open wounds or on sunburned, windburned, dry, chapped, or irritated skin. Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve after 2 months, or if your condition gets worse.

What is the best lightening cream without hydroquinone?

The Best Skin Lightening Creams Without Hydroquinone.
  • Medik8 C-Tetra Cream. ...
  • Antipodes Manuka Honey Skin Brightening Day Cream. ...
  • Dermalogica BioLumin-C Gel Moisturiser. ...
  • Murad Environmental Shield City-Skin Overnight Detox Moisturiser. ...
  • SK-II Cellumination Deep Surge EX. ...
  • Laneige Radian C Cream.
Jan 30, 2023

Is kojic acid as effective as hydroquinone?

What was known? Hydroquinone and Kojic acid are both well-known topical hypopigmenting agents with comparable efficacy. Kojic acid is found to be a more irritating agent. The efficacy of topical vitamin C in combination with Kojic acid has not been studied so far.

What happens if you use too much kojic acid?

Kojic acid can lead to contact dermatitis in some people, especially those with sensitive skin. Contact dermatitis can cause a rash, itching, and dry patches of skin. In severe cases, pain and blisters can develop.

What is the next best thing to hydroquinone?

Arbutin. According to Dr. Green, “Arbutin is a natural form of hydroquinone derived from the bearberry plant. It is a safer and effective alternative to hydroquinone and is less cytotoxic to the melanocytes.” Use it gradually during the first few weeks to make sure your skin doesn't react.

Do you need a prescription for 4% hydroquinone?

Is hydroquinone topical available over the counter? Hydroquinone topical used to be available over the counter (OTC). But as a result of the 2020 CARES Act, it's only available by prescription from your provider.

Why did they take hydroquinone off the market?

Denying Patients an Effective Treatment

On August 29, 2006, the FDA proposed restrictions on products containing the bleaching agent hydroquinone due to reported concerns about possible carcinogenicity and a link to ochronosis.

How do Koreans get white skin?

Known as the plastic surgery capital of the world – skin lightening has become one of Korea's most common procedures. Dr Chris Lim of the ME Cosmetic Clinic in Seoul told Artefact: “Our most popular procedure is the glutathione injection; which people often call the 'Beyoncé injection'.”

What lightens skin overnight?

Milk And Rice Flour

The royals used milk to hydrate and lighten skin. Mix both to make a scrub. Or you can even dab a little milk on your skin with a cotton ball and leave it overnight. It is proven to be very effective for lightening your skin.

How can I make my skin white permanently like Korean?

Green tea is known to have antioxidants, to reduce redness and lighten skin tone. Method:Rice flour mixed with aloe vera extracts makes a soft gel and can be applied to your face as a face mask. First, put the mask on your face, wait for it to dry, and wash with cold water. Then, apply the mask once a week.

What fades hyperpigmentation the fastest?

Dermatologists consider products with hydroquinone, alone or combined with other lighteners, to be the gold standard for fading dark spots because it slows the production of pigment.

What clears hyperpigmentation fast?

In this case, turning to dermatological procedures will work as the fastest way to get rid of hyperpigmentation. Chemical peels, laser therapy, microdermabrasion, or dermabrasion are all options that work similarly to rid skin of hyperpigmentation.

What can permanently remove hyperpigmentation?

8 Treatment Options for Hyperpigmentation
  • Face acids.
  • Retinoids.
  • Chemical peel.
  • Laser peel.
  • IPL therapy.
  • Microdermabrasion.
  • Dermabrasion.
  • Lightening creams.

Does hydrogen peroxide lighten hyperpigmentation?

Hydrogen peroxide has been used to treat: Wounds. Acne. Hyperpigmentation , or dark spots on the skin.

Which ingredient is a melanin suppressant used to treat hyperpigmentation?

Kojic acid is effective at reducing the look of hyperpigmentation because it blocks the production of tyrosine. This means less melanin in the skin and less dark spots and patches on the surface.

How do dermatologists whiten skin?

Most dermatologists begin with a topical hydroquinone preparation. Hydroquinone, ranging in concentration from 2% over-the-counter through 10% available in your doctor's office, can block pigment transfer and reverse brown spots on the face.

How do you remove melanin from skin?

You can use topical products to lighten your skin. These products reduce melanin and are commercially available. Prescription or over-the-counter skin lightening products often have the following ingredients: hydroquinone, kojic acid, vitamin C, glycolic acid, azelaic acid, retinoid.

How can I reduce melanin in my skin?

To further limit how much melanin your skin makes, you should also:
  1. limit your sun exposure.
  2. stay indoors from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m., when the sun's rays are strongest.
  3. wear protective clothing, such as sunglasses, long sleeves, and hats.
  4. avoid tanning beds.

Is hydroquinone cancerous?

FRIDAY, May 27, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- Hydroquinone use increases the risk for both melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancers by more than threefold, according to a study presented at the Society for Investigative Dermatology Annual Meeting, held May 18 to 21 in Portland, Oregon.

What happens if you use hydroquinone cream too much?

Excessive hydroquinone concentrations may induce toxic or shocking effects on melanocytes, forcing them to regroup and increase their melanin production (resulting in rebound hyperpigmentation). Additionally, high concentrations of hydroquinone may provoke skin inflammation.

Why is hydroquinone controversial?

In addition to its potential side effects, hydroquinone has come under scrutiny due to reports of products containing the ingredient also being laced with mercury, making them extremely poisonous and even life-threatening.

Why is my skin darker after using hydroquinone?

In fact, the darkening of the skin from using Hydroquinone can occur because this compound can't really get rid of it, it only inhibits the production of melanin pigment in the skin. When melanocytes die, their accumulation on the skin is inevitable (like any other dead skin cells).

Why is kojic acid banned?

You should never use kojic acid on damaged or broken skin. Some countries have banned this product because of a potential connection to the development of cancer. Further research is needed to identify and understand any other potential side effects.

How long does it take to lighten skin with hydroquinone?

Lightening of the skin should be noticed within 4 weeks of initiation, if no change is seen in 3 months, contact your dermatologist for further recommendations. Side Effects: Normally hydroquinone is very well tolerated, however side effects may be seen.

What cream do dermatologist use for hyperpigmentation?

Hydroquinone is the gold standard for treating hyperpigmentation in dermatology. Its effectiveness and safety is so well-documented in clinical studies that almost all dermatology providers will recommend 4% hydroquinone as a first step for anyone with significant pigment concerns.

Does hydroquinone get into bloodstream?

In humans, HQ is carried throughout the body in the blood stream and transported to the bone marrow where it is converted to benzoquinone in the bone marrow. The conversion of hydroquinone to benzoquione is integral in the development of acute myelogenous leukemia (“AML”).

Do dermatologists recommend hydroquinone?

Hydroquinone is considered the topical gold standard in dermatology for reducing hyperpigmentation.” Dermatologists often use hydroquinone to treat melasma, a skin condition where dark patches appear on the forehead, cheeks and upper lip.

Which treatment is best for skin whitening permanently?

Laser skin whitening involves directing concentrated beams of light energy on the dark skin to remove the skin layers. The high-energy light, offered in varying wavelengths, creates heat and treats the skin by destroying the dark spots. It has proven to be a highly effective skin whitening treatment.

Which acid is best for skin whitening permanently?

Kojic acid is often used topically to treat a number of different cosmetic conditions. It's been approved for use in cosmetic products in concentrations of 1 percent or less. It's most often used as a skin-lightening agent.

How do dermatologists whiten skin permanently?

Laser treatments like Co2, Q switch are the latest treatments that work well for skin lightening. This technology works well for darker skin. Chemical peeling like glycolic acid, lactic acid, yellow peel, etc can be done throughout the body with dermatologist concern.

How do I drastically whiten my skin?

#2 Turmeric with Aloe Vera

It contains Vitamin C that is good for skin lightening. And the aloe vera is a powerful natural ingredient for skin healing, brightening and anti-aging. Mix half tablespoon of turmeric with two teaspoons of Aloe Vera as a mixture. Apply it and let it sit for 20-30 minutes, then wash it off.

What is the safest skin lightening product?

There is no safe or reliable way to lighten someone's skin tone. Products or DIY recipes that claim to do so carry numerous risks. Even legal and over-the-counter options, such as hydroquinone creams, can sometimes lead to permanent discoloration.

Is kojic acid better than glutathione?

Kojic Soap - is suitable for less sensitive skin. It's stronger than regular Glutathione soap but gives a similar result. If you experience peeling, this should last not more than a week. This soap is created by a cold process method to ensure that valuable nutrients are retained.


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